In 1883 Ernst Dietrich Christian HUMBKE (referred to as Ernst throughout this post), the oldest of 6 children of Ernest Dietrich HUMBKE (b. 31JAN1821 #57 Windheim, Germany: d. 06NOV1866 #57 Windheim, Germany) and Sophie Marie Louise (SCHNEPEL) HUMBKE (b. 30JAN1819 #22 Holge, Windheim, Germany: d. 06NOV1899), boarded the “Neckar” on July 25, 1883 in Bremen, Germany and arrived in New York with his wife and four of their children on Aug. 4, 1883. The “Neckar” (iron hull, single screw, 1 funnel and 2 masts), was built in Scotland for North German Lloyd Line who used it from 1873-96 to transport German Immigrants from Bremen to New York and the far East.
Ernst’s younger brother (Christian) had arrived in South Dakota in 1879. Ernst Dietrich Friedrich HUMBKE Sr at age 13, arrived on his own, 3 months prior to his parents, in May of 1883 and was with his uncle Christian in South Dakota.
Ernst’s family was as follows:
Father and Mother:
Ernest Dietrich Christian HUMBKE b. Aug. 2, 1845 #57 Windheim, Germany d. Jul. 21, 1899 Woden, Iowa m. Oct. 27, 1867 to Marie Louise (SCHNEPEL) HUMBKE b. Sep. 11, 1843 Dohren, Windheim d. Nov. 24, 1930 Wetaskiwin, Alberta, Canada
Ernst Dietrich Friedrich HUMBKE Sr b. Oct. 30, 1867 m. Maria WESTENFELDT
Katherine Sophie Maria HUMBKE b. Oct. 17, 1869 m. Henrich CONRADI
Sophie Wilhelmine Louise HUMBKE b. Aug. 30, 1872 – d. Nov. 4, 1872
Sophie Louise HUMBKE b. Oct 3, 1873 – d. Feb. 13, 1878
Louise Wilhelmine Marie HUMBKE b. Jun. 17, 1876 m. Carl CALLIES
Marie Louise Lisettte HUMBKE b. Apr. 1, 1879 m. Joe GEORGE
Dietrich Friedrich Ernst HUMBKE b. Feb.21, 1882 m. Hulda WICKLAND
Alvina Maria Sophia Louise HUMBKE b. Apr 14, 1885 m. Dave FONTAINE
Emma Marie HUMBKE b. Jan. 29, 1890 m. William Harris
All members of the family were born in Windeheim, Westphalia, Germany with exception of Alvina and Maria who were born in White Lake, South Dakota.
The family came from the Duchy of Prussia which was established during the Protestant Reformation in 1525 and was the first Lutheran duchy with a dominant German speaking population. It was elevated to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701 and in 1807-1813 Napoleon Bonaparte founded the Kingdom of Westphalia. In 1815 the Province of Westphalia was formed.
Prussia lost its independence as a result of the Nazis in 1933 and became the State of North Rhine – Westphalia after World War II. It is known as the “breadbasket of Western Europe (in German – kornkammer, or grannery). For those who have a greater interest I recommend reading the “Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia, 1600-1947″ by Christopher Clark (2009).
Windheim is a Church District which contains 7 villages one of which is Windheim on the Weser River. The village is located 380 Kilometers North of Frankfurt (3.5 hours by car). Population is appx. 500.